IPUMS Time Use

Three Resources to Study Time Use

These projects provide free individual-level time use data for research purposes. The data extract systems make it easy to create data sets containing time use and other variables a user needs. (Collection level DOI: 10.18128/C060)

  • ATUS is a nationally representative U.S. time diary survey for the period since 2003.
  • AHTUS is a harmonized collection of time diary data from the U.S. for the period 1930 to the present.
  • MTUS is a collection of time diary data from several countries that are harmonized for compatibility across time and space.

IPUMS Time Use is a collaboration of the IPUMS Center for Data Integration at the University of Minnesota, the Maryland Population Research Center at the University of Maryland, and the Centre for Time Use Research at University College London. Time Use data report daily activities for respondents, including what they were doing, where they were, and who was with them. In addition to time diaries, the surveys include demographic, socioeconomic and household-level information. Publications using IPUMS Time Use have analyzed fathers' time with children, men's involvement in household responsibilities, occupational crowding, marital status and mothers' time use, and health behaviors.

Principal Investigators and senior personnel:

  • Liana Sayer, University of Maryland
  • Sarah Flood, University of Minnesota
  • Jonathan Gershuny, University College London

Supported by:

  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver Institute for Child Health and Human Development
  • United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service
  • Stat/Transfer
  • Maryland Population Research Center
  • Centre for Time Use Research at University College London
  • University of Minnesota


1.201/08/2019 - Present10.18128/d061.v1.2
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1.110/25/2017 - 01/08/201910.18128/D061.V1.1
1.006/13/2016 - 10/25/201710.18128/D061.V1.0



3.207/11/2023 - Present10.18128/D060.V3.2
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3.107/25/2022 - 07/11/202310.18128/D060.V3.1
2.806/08/2020 - 07/25/202210.18128/D060.V2.8
2.707/31/2018 - 06/08/202010.18128/D060.V2.7
2.610/25/2017 - 07/31/201810.18128/D060.V2.6
2.504/29/2016 - 10/25/201710.18128/D060.V2.5



1.412/03/2022 - Present10.18128/D062.V1.4
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1.303/06/2019 - 12/03/202210.18128/D062.V1.3
1.210/16/2018 - 03/06/201910.18128/D062.V1.2
1.110/25/2017 - 10/16/201810.18128/D062.V1.1
1.008/02/2016 - 10/25/201710.18128/D062.V1.0