IPUMS USA Research Awards Winners:
Trevon Logan and John Parman. "The National Rise in Historical Segregation" Journal of Economic History 77(1): 127-170.
Logan and Parman develop a much more subtle measure of segregation that was previously impossible and come up with results that contradict the trends and regional differentials that have been found using conventional measures.
Nathan Seltzer. "Beyond The Great Recession: Labor Market Polarization And Ongoing Fertility Decline In The United States" Demography (56)2.
The fertility boom that social scientists predicted would accompany the rebound following the 2007-2009 economic recession and housing crisis has yet to materialize. Seltzer's paper makes innovative use of IPUMS USA data to examine how structural changes in industry composition have had a larger depressive impact on TFR than more volatile shifts in general unemployment.
IPUMS International Research Awards Winners:
Joshua Wilde, Bénédicte H. Apouey, and Toni Jung. "The Effect of Ambient Temperature Shocks During Conception and Early Pregnancy on Later Life Outcomes" European Economic Review 97: 87-2017.
Wilde, Apouey, and Jung combine IPUMS International census microdata with temperature data and supplemental health data to model the effects of temperature shocks during conception and early pregnancy on later life outcomes. They use individual level information on place and timing of birth as well as the fully harmonized geographic units and corresponding GIS shapefiles to take full advantage of their data on temperature shocks.
Zheli He. "Trade and Real Wages of the Rich and Poor: Cross-region Evidence" Columbia University. Open Science Framework.
He combines data from multiple sources to examine the impact of trade liberalization on real wages of individuals by developing a framework that accounts for changes in nominal wages as well as changes in consumer price indices. Using the flexibility of IPUMS International microdata to fuel the supply side of the model, He is able to disaggregate effects on real wages for people at different wage levels. Findings contradict those of less robust models suggesting that real-wage inequality falls in all areas with trade liberalization.
IPUMS Spatial Research Awards Winners:
Lara P. Clark, Dylan B. Millet and Julian D. Marshall. "Changes in Transportation-Related Air Pollution Exposures by Race-Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status: Outdoor Nitrogen Dioxide in the United States in 2000 and 2010" Environmental Health Perspectives 125(9).
Combining annual nitrogen dioxide concentrations with NHGIS geographically standardized time series for census block groups from 2000-2010, Clark, Millet, and Marshall find persistent relative disparities in NO2 exposure between nonwhites and whites throughout the U.S., even while overall NO2 exposure and absolute disparities decreased.
Jacob Krimmel. "Persistence of Prejudice: Estimating the Long Term Effects of Redlining" The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. SocArXiv.
Krimmel links historical credit risk zones with NHGIS tract data across seven censuses to demonstrate convincingly that black neighborhoods were disproportionately redlined and that redlined areas experienced declines in housing supply and population density beyond baseline expectations, providing striking evidence of the discriminatory costs of mid-century federal mortgage insurance policy.
IPUMS Health Surveys Research Awards Winners:
Published Research (TIE):
Marcella Alsan and Marianne Wanamaker. "Tuskegee and the Health of Black Men" The Quarterly Journal of Economics 133(1): 407-455.
Alsan and Wanamaker’s innovative research combines 1969-1977 NHIS data with other data sources to estimate that the mistrust in the medical system fostered by the 1972 disclosure of the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male substantially decreased health care utilization by black men and accounted for large portions of the 1980 black-white life expectancy gap among men and the male-female gap among blacks.
Jessica Ho. "The Contribution of Drug Overdose to Educational Gradients in Life Expectancy in the United States, 1992-2011" Demography 54(3): 1175-1202.
Ho used 1992-2011 linked NHIS-LMF data to investigate the contribution of drug overdose fatalities to the well-established educational gradient in mortality. While the years of life lost due to drug overdose increased for both men and women and across all educational levels, Ho found that they increased most for non-Hispanic whites aged 30-60, and that the increase was most rapid for women.
Monica King. "Under the Hood: Revealing Patterns of Motor Vehicle Fatalities in the United States" University of Pennsylvania. Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations. 2396.
King leverages the linked NHIS mortality data in her dissertation to investigate the social determinants of the black-white disparity in a leading cause of death in the United States: motor vehicle accidents. She found that poverty, marriage, and education explain away the black disadvantage in motor vehicle fatalities.